The State Council Information Office held a press conference at 10 am on May 11, 2021 (Tuesday), to introduce the main data results of the seventh national census.
Census data shows that the country’s total population is 141.78 million, which increases 72.06 million or 5.38%, an average annual growth rate of 0.53%, compared with 133,972 million in 2010 (the data of the sixth national census, the same below). There is a decrease of 0.04 percent from the average annual growth rate of 0.57% from 2000 to 2010. Statistics show that my country’s population has maintained a low-speed growth trend for the past ten years.
Gender composition. The male population is 723.34 million, accounting for 51.24%; the female population is 688.44 million, accounting for 48.76%. The sex ratio of the total population (100 women and the ratio of men to women) is 105.07, which is the same as in 2010, but slightly lower. The sex ratio at birth was 111.3, a decrease of 6.8 from 2010. The gender structure of our population has continued to improve.
Age composition. The population aged 0-14 was 253.38 million, accounting for 17.95%; the population aged 15-59 was 89.438 million, accounting for 63.35%; the population aged 60 and above was 264.02 million, accounting for 18.70% (among which, the population aging 65 and above was 190.64 million people, accounting for 13.50%). Compared with 2010, the proportions of the population aging 0-14, 15-59, 60 and above increased by 1.35 percentage points, decreased by 6.79 percentage points and increased by 5.44 percentage points, respectively. The proportion of children in my country has recovered, and the adjustment of the fertility policy has achieved positive results. At the same time, the aging of the population has further deepened and will continue to face the pressure of long-term balanced development of the people for some time in the future.
A dialectical view of the impact of demographic changes on the economy and society. The domestic market advantage of a super-large scale will exist for a long time.
Ning Jizhe, deputy leader of the Leading Group for the Seventh National Census of the State Council and Director of the National Bureau of Statistics, said that we must treat population changes on the economy and society dialectically.
First, the primary national conditions of my country’s large population base and large population have not changed. The super-large-scale domestic market advantage will exist for a long time, and the population and resource environment will remain in a tight balance. At the same time, population growth is slowing, and measures need to be taken to promote long-term balanced population development.
The second is that labor resources are still abundant, the demographic dividend continues to exist, and the working-age population is slowly decreasing year by year. Economic structure and technological development need to be adjusted and adapted.
The third is the continuous improvement of the population’s quality, and the new advantages of the talent dividend will gradually appear. At the same time, the employment pressure of college students is increasing, and the pace of industrial transformation and upgrading needs to be accelerated.
Fourth, the proportion of children and the elderly has both risen. The rise in the proportion of children has reflected the positive effects of the adjustment of the fertility policy and highlighted the importance of the issue of “one old and one small.” It is necessary to optimize the fertility policy and improve the population service system, such as nurturing. The proportion of the elderly population is rising rapidly, and aging has become the basic national condition of our country for some time to come. At the same time, the increase in the elderly population will also bring wisdom, inheritance, play, and expansion of demand.
Fifth, the population is accelerating, reflecting the trend of urbanization and economic agglomeration and puts forward new requirements for improving the quality of urbanization and promoting coordinated regional development.
The working-age population is 880 million, decreased by more than 40 million than ten years ago.
Zeng Yuping, deputy director of the Office of the Leading Group for the Seventh National Census of the State Council and chief statistician of the National Bureau of Statistics, said that about the working-age population, firstly, in terms of the total population, the seven-person census is compared with the six-person census. Compared with 2010, the working-age population of 16 to 59 has decreased by more than 40 million. However, it should be noted that the total size of the working-age population is still relatively large, 880 million people, labor resources are still abundant, and demographic dividends still exist, providing important support for the sustained and healthy development of the economy and society.
Second, in terms of quality, the quality of the working-age population has improved significantly. The census data shows that the average number of years of education for the population aged 15 and above is 9.91 years, which is 0.83 years higher than in 2010.
Third, with the rapid economic and social development, the coverage of the medical service system is also expanding, and the physical fitness of the population is also improving day by day. The life expectancy of the population continues to extend. The improvement of the population’s health level also provides important benefits for economic and social development. Human resources guarantee.
The total population of the three northeastern provinces in 2020 is 98.51 million, which is 11.01 million less than ten years ago.
Ning Jizhe said that everyone in the Northeast region is very concerned. Judging from the data from this census, there are several characteristics of the changes in the population of Northeast China over the past ten years:
First, the total population is still relatively large, but there has been negative growth. In 2020, the total population of the three northeastern provinces was 98.51 million, close to 100 million. The scale is still relatively large, but 11.01 million fewer than ten years ago. The second is that the sex ratio at birth is 106.3, which is lower than the national average and within the normal range. Third, the degree of aging is relatively deep. The proportion of the population aged 65 and over is 16.39%, with 7.26 percentage points, which is higher than the national average. Fourth, there is a rich talent pool—the population with a college degree or above accounts for 16.75% of the total population. The average number of years of education for the population over 15 years old is 10.16 years. The two indicators that reflect the education level of the population in the Northeast are higher than those of the whole country. Average. Fifth, the foundation of urban development is relatively good. The urbanization rate of the permanent population in Northeast China has reached 67.71%, ranking first in the national data.
The population decline in the Northeast is affected by many factors such as the natural environment, geographic environment, population fertility level, and economic and social development. The Northeast is in a high latitude area in our country, and the winter is relatively long and cold. Some people in the Northeast migrate to the warmer south. This is also the trend of population migration in many countries around the world. This phenomenon occurs in Europe and the United States. In addition, affected by factors such as fertility concepts and fertility behaviors, the natural population growth rate in Northeast China has long been lower than the national average. It should also be noted that the economy of the Northeast region is in a critical period of structural adjustment. The diversified development opportunities and employment prospects of some economically developed coastal provinces and cities are more attractive to the population of other regions, including the Northeast.
Source: Comprehensive China Net Live
New media editor: Xu Zheng
China Net Finance Official WeChat (ID: zgwcjzx)